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There are more than seventy million stray cats that roam the streets. Unlike domesticated cats that stay at home, the stray cats are prone to dangerous diseases. But his doesn’t mean that an indoor cat cannot get sick. Though illnesses are preventable, once the cat contracts any of the below illnesses, it can be very difficult to treat. Five of the most dangerous cat diseases you must look out for are
- Feline Leukemia
It is a disease that spreads through saliva, nose discharge, and urine and is mostly spread by sharing food and water bowls, bites, or simply living together. The disease can also be passed from the mother to the kitten. While some cats become ill immediately after contracting the virus, others might not show symptoms for a long time. Conditions associated with feline leukemia include diarrhea, respiratory tract infections, eye disease, skin infections, among others.
- Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
Unlike humans, the immunodeficiency virus in felines may not spread through sexual contact. Bite and wounds are the primary factors that make cats susceptible to FIV. Kittens contacting FIV from mother at birth is a rare occurrence. FIV is a terminal disease that can be prevented if you keep your cat indoors and are up to date on vaccinations.
- Renal failure
It is one of the leading causes of death in cats and is caused by kidney disease. Renal failure can be acute or chronic, and the symptoms include nausea, increased thirst, excessive urination, vomiting, dehydration, loss of appetite, weight loss, constipation, among others. There is no cure for renal failure, but you can treat it by adjusting your cat’s diet, medication, and hydration therapy.
- Feline Panleukopenia
It is a highly contagious viral disease in cats and kittens that contract this disease almost always die. It is also known as feline distemper, and it attacks a cat’s immune system by affecting its intestinal tract. The symptoms include loss of appetite, lethargy, vomiting, dehydration, diarrhea, tail, and back leg biting. There are very few cases of Feline Panleukopenia in vaccinated cats. The best way to prevent this disease is to vaccinate your cat and avoid contact with unvaccinated and feral animals.
- Feline rabies
Feline rabies is considered the most dangerous disease as it can be passed along to human beings as well. It is a degenerative and debilitating disease that affects the nervous system and is spread through a bite. Symptoms of feline rabies include yowling, drooling, poor coordination, conjunctivitis, strange behavior, depression, weight loss, and fever. Unfortunately, there is no treatment or cure for feline rabies. You can protect your cat by vaccinating it on time and keeping it indoors. You can keep your cat protected and away from diseases by being up to date on their vaccination, following a healthy diet, and keeping them indoors and away from stray animals.