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It is quite easy to let signs of Thyroid problems in dogs go unnoticed as the symptoms are quite subtle. Such problems occur when due to an increase or decrease in the dog’s hormone levels.
A thyroid is a tiny gland in the neck and in case of a dog, the thyroid gland comprises of two parts, which occupy a position on each side of the windpipe. The thyroid gland produces a hormone known as thyroxine which balances the overall body’s energy level and growth of the dog. Hence if we notice the energy of our dog decreasing drastically, it might be due to some issue with the thyroid gland of the pet.
Dogs most commonly suffer from hypothyroidism, or low thyroid hormone levels. Such a condition is found in dogs within the age group of 2 to 7 years. Hyperthyroidism, however, is a rare thyroid condition found in dogs.
It is crucial for pet owners to get their dogs checked regularly so that any signs of a thyroid problem can be detected in time and thus can be cured.
Key symptoms to be cautious of, regarding dog thyroid problems :
Weight Gain or Loss
Another sign of thyroid problems in dogs is weight gain that’s not caused by overeating. Instead, your pet slowly packs on a few pounds despite you feeding him a normal diet. According to Dr. Barrack, this weight gain can even lead to obesity in your pet if the thyroid problem isn’t corrected.
Changes in Behavior or Activity Level
The biggest sign of a thyroid problem occurs when we notice changes in our dog’s behavior and level of activity. It is a dog’s way of telling you that there may be something wrong in their system and it is best that you get your dog checked immediately.
It is understood that thyroid regulates energy levels in our dogs. Hence it is important to understand when a dog shows lack of enthusiasm during playing or is constantly feeling cold. There is a shooting decline in the playfulness in the dog’s behavior. The moment such a thing happens it is best to take the dog to the vet.
Visible problems on the skin or coat of the Dog
Many a time the coat, as well as the skin, might show signs arising due to thyroid problems in dogs. Hypothyroidism causes dull hair. It even caused hair loss and decay leading to a dry coat. The dog’s skin might even start flaking off more than normally while brushing it. Or, the dog may experience patches of thinning hair.
Hyperthyroidism in cats causes the opposite problem. According to Dr. Barrack, your cat’s coat may start to look greasy and matted. Cats will sometimes stop grooming themselves and develop an unkempt appearance.
Vomiting or Diarrhoea
The dog might be exhibiting symptoms of thyroid problems, many a times as it may be facing issues of diarrhea and vomiting. In such cases, the dog needs to be rushed to the vet.
Unable to tolerate cold
The dog might avoid going outdoors during the cold and might even stop taking its nature’s call outside. It might also place itself near the heat vent or even dig inside its blankets while avoiding as much as looking out of it.