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Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases or FLUTD are one of the most common diseases among cats. It refers to a bunch of diseases that attack the lower urinary tracts, which are the bladder and the urethra, making it difficult and painful to urinate. There are various causes like bladder stones, infection or inflammation, diabetes or crystalline blockage to name a few.
If left untreated, this condition can be dangerous and can even lead to life-threatening consequences. For vocal cats, it may be easier to recognize when they are in pain. If you have a quiet cat that hides signs of discomfort, it is of utmost importance that you know your cat well to identify any symptoms that could point to this.
So if you notice any of these signs, it is recommended that you take your cat to the vet as soon as possible.
Is the stomach bloated?
If your cat has a bloated or tightened stomach, and cries out in pain when pressure is applied, it is likely that he has difficulty urinating. But make sure to get diagnosis from a vet, as bloating is a common symptom for many other illnesses too.
Is the litter box empty frequently?
If the litter box is unusually empty, it means that your cat does not urinate as frequently as he is supposed to. If you suspect your cat is suffering from FLUTD, make sure to check his litter box regularly to keep track of his urination. He may be experiencing a condition called “dysuria”, which simply means a painful passing of urine. He will feel the need to urinate, but may strain or cry out in pain as it will be difficult.
Does your cat pass out bloody urine?
“Haematuria” or a condition where your cat passes out bloody urine is another indicator that he is suffering from FLUTD. If you see that your cat’s urine is red in colour, you need to take him to the vet immediately. Sometimes, the blood may not be so visible and obvious. The blood content may be microscopic, which means it can only be seen through tests by your vet.
Does your cat lick itself excessively?
Sometimes cats who find it difficult to urinate lick their urinary areas excessively, often in an attempt to soothe the pain. This is mostly due to the pain, irritation or infection in the urethra and bladder. This excessive licking or over-grooming can lead to loss of hair if it is severe enough.
Does your cat urinate in odd places?
“Periuria” is a condition where your cat keeps urinating in other places except where he is trained to – his litter box. If you find that your cat passes urine in odd or inappropriate places like his bed, on the couch or on the floor, it means that he cannot get to his litter box in time due to urethral or bladder irritations.