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Diseases transferable from animals to humans are classified as zoonotic diseases by physicians. For pet owners, these fear becomes acute when they see their cats vomiting in close proximity to them. One thought crosses their mind: will they get infected by them? Is the disease contiguous?
Zoonotic disease list
The answer is in the affirmative. Your cat can give you multiple diseases, all of them known as zoonotic ones. Rabies is a common and much feared zoonotic disease. The list of common diseases of this particular kind is Ringworm, Campylobacter infection, Cryptosporidium infection, Hookworms, Toxoplasmosis, Salmonellosis, Giardia, Roundworms, and Cat Scratch Disease. This being said, the actual chances of you being infected by your cat is in reality minimal. Chances rise, however, if your immune system is weak or a compromised one. You are at greater chance of a zoonotic disease if you have a pre-existing medical condition or disease. It is not advisable to own a cat of you have AIDS or HIV. Pregnant women are also advised not to come in contact with cats.
Cats are a no-no if you are presently undergoing radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Felines are not for people suffering from chronic diseases and those who were recipients of bone marrow or organ transplants. The elderly are also at risk.
If you have one of the above, it does not mean you have to sell or give away your beloved kitty. You just have to be more cautious. If any doubt enters your mind about any condition, do not hesitate to call your physician and describe exactly the symptoms you suffered. One easy way to protect yourself is to keep your kitty inside the house. This constitutes the best way to protect your cat from contracting any disease. Follow to the letter the recommendations of your veterinarian when it comes to vaccination and parasite testing with treatment and also prevention.
Most of the above diseases are transmitted via contact with cat’s feces. You can take multiple measures to keep yourself safe. These steps involve common sense and simple hygiene. Under no circumstance you should make bodily contact with your kitty’s waste product. Ensure this by keeping the car litter box a safe distance away from the kitchen or any other area where you store or prepare food. It is also a good idea to hire someone to daily clean the litter box. Some diseases like Toxoplasmosis gets activated only after 24 hours. By then, it will be too late to take preventive measures. Buy and use disposable liners for the litter boxes and change them at regular intervals. Do not dump litter. Pour slowly into the trash or wrap litter box tightly and throw away the container.