Cats and itchy skin

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Many cat owners are turning to natural remedies both for themselves and also for their feline companions. Even though nothing can replace the experience of a local veterinarian, a number of natural remedies exist to fight standard cat illnesses. Many holistic methods are available, which can be done from the comfort of the home.

Itchy skin

Your cats may get itchy and scratchy for many reasons. The list is long and includes dandruff, allergies, and fleas. Whatever be the cause, an itchy cat does not make an ideal pet. You can help your kitty by concocting a soothing mix of pennyroyal and rosemary extracts. Be careful and do not allow the cat to drink or lick these mixes. Alternatively, you can also give your kitty a tea bath complete with aloe or catnip to soothe the skin of the cat. If your cat has skin flakes, use a dehumidifier, and not use the shampoo. It will help to rejuvenate and also re-moisturize the dry and scaly skin of the cat. This is caused by the absence of moisture in the home environment.

Other problems

Hairball is a big problem in every cat owner’s home. These are horrible to see and a few cats scatter bunches of hair all around the home. Worst of all, you seem to set foot on them when you are barefoot. It is not a good idea to shave the cat. A shaved cat is one pathetic animal to see. It is your responsibility to push in a grooming routine. There is a much less drastic remedy to manage the hairballs. Brush up the kitty every day and then wipe down the fur with a moist towel. You can also assist the cat to pass its hairballs by giving the kitty a little amount of petroleum jelly. You can also give butter. Do not give in excess amounts, only one teaspoon for a few days would solve the problem. There is another solution too: feed your cat a diet rich in fiber. A good amount of exercise will also help in this case.

Other than hairballs, cat bladders also cause a nuisance around the home. Male cats are vulnerable to urethra or bladder issues. There can be blockages. In case your kitty has such problems, then unsweetened cranberry juice could help to stop such an occurrence. This is as the urine acidity of cranberry rises meaning reduced chances of infections or blockages. You can add cranberry powder to the cat food or cranberry juice to its water. In case your kitty is finicky, insert a syringe containing juice directly into the mouth of the cat or give it a cranberry capsule. Do consult a veterinarian before you do any of these activities.

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Cat Amputation and Prosthetic

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Three-legged cats are just as lovable as their four-legged counterparts. The only difference is the added care these cats need to maintain a good quality of life. Three-legged cats happen due to amputation. Sometimes, this procedure is a must if you want to save the life of your kitty. Veterinarians recommend amputation in cancer and trauma cases. The procedure is generally the last resort and considered after all other options get exhausted. The surgery is a simple procedure.

Different ways

The veterinarian can amputate the leg of the cat by many different ways. The chosen surgical procedure depends on the limb and the damage to it. When it comes to front leg amputation of the cat, the procedure involves removing the complete limb and also the shoulder blade. Such a procedure leaves the kitty with a well-padded amputation site. Since the leg is completely removed, there is also ease of movement after the operation. When it comes to hind legs, two principal methods are used. The first method results in a small stump left middle of the way via the femur. Some owners prefer it as the cat’s rump appears normal and offers the cat padding. An alternative procedure is to remove the complete leg at the hip joint and is done when the thigh is severely damaged, or there is a disease in the affected part.

Two days of trauma cases

In a few trauma cases, especially when it comes to car accidents, the veterinarian may need to treat more damage before performing the surgery. In most cases, the veterinarian will conduct many blood tests to ensure that the cat is not susceptible to complications during surgery. The real work starts after the amputation surgery gets completed. It is good that cats take less time to adjust to an amputated leg than humans. As a cat owner, expect your feline to spend about two days at the veterinary hospital. The veterinarian will give your kitty back fitted with an Elizabethan collar. The collar is also known as “cone of shame”. The purpose of the collar is to stop the kitty from irritating its surgery site. The cat will be sent home with painkillers so that it manages postoperative pain. The veterinarian, in a few cases, may prescribe antibiotics so that the chance of infection be minimized. The medicines will also control the existing infection.

Post surgery, try to keep the kitty off from any uneven or slippery surface until it figures out a way to walk steadily using three legs. For amputee cats, stairs are a problem area. The cat must visit the veterinarian to have the sutures removed a few days post-surgery. This period is an excellent time to query the veterinarian and making sure that no complications will develop.

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Can Your Cat Protect You?

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Dogs are adopted for protection duties. Cats can protect too. Your cat can protect you from hostiles if you two share a special bond. There should be no doubt that felines can act as protective animals. A number of events have proved that cats can protect their owners from any harm.

Cats are not dogs

A number of people harbor doubts as to whether a cat has the capability to defend its owner. This image may happen due to the cat’s propensity for home life, its independent behavior, or the small size of the animal. The truth is completely different. The perception of cats being fully selfish is wrong. Cats should not be compared to dogs. The two species are completely different. Comparing the two makes no sense. The concept of cats being less protective compared to a dog is a general idea. It may not be true for the individual feline.

Cats comprehend the world and also transmit thoughts and emotions in a vastly different manner compared to dogs. The body language of a feline includes facial expressions and postures which are completely unique to cats. They have a different mode of social co-existence than dogs. The latter is a totally different species which are not remotely cat-like. It is a given that cats and dogs will exhibit different ways of showing affection and love to their owners.

Cat survival instincts and protection

It is vital to comprehend that cats have naturally strong survival instincts. This is why felines like to hide high up from the ground so that they can get the upper hand or run away if attacked. Cats prefer nothing more than a routine life as this means a safe environment. This attraction towards safety, however, does not mean that the felines have lost all their abilities and instinctive behaviors. The cat may appear as a lazy pet sleeping all the time, but when the feline is faced with a dangerous situation, then the seemingly cute animal may adopt a sharp and effective defense posture. Cats not only use sharp nails to attack, but they also use intelligence.

If your cat believes you are in danger, it will use its intelligence, agility, and sharp nails to defend itself. A number of feline experts believe that these small animals could even be trained to protect their families against any dangerous external enemies. There are numerous precedence where a cat saved its human family member. One of them took place in 2015. The cat saved the six-year-old boy of its adopted family when the neighbor’s dog attacked him. A surveillance camera recorded the interaction, and it was proved that cats do protect-and are extremely useful- when it comes to protecting family members.

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Albino dogs and white dogs

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Albinism, although rare, is found in all animals, dogs not excluded. Majority of people confuse white coated dogs with albino canines. True albinism describes a genetic condition where the pigmentation of eyes, coat, and skin is fully absent. It is important to draw a distinction between dogs having white coats and dogs which have albinism. White coated dogs are only white, and albinos appear white due t the absence of pigmentation.

Comparing white with true albino

The all white dogs possess genetic markers through which the white pigment suppresses or masks all other colors. In contrast, albinism is the result of both melanin and also the enzymes which produce it. Some dogs, however, shows albinism characteristics even being without true albinos. There are many traits which make an albino dog a true albino.

It can be visually identified as to whether you own an albino dog. The surest way is to do genetic testing. If you do not want to run expensive tests, then observe the nose and the eyes. The eyes, along with the tissue encircling the eye sockets of albino dogs seem to exhibit a specific pinkish hue. This pink in the skin and the eyes is not actually pink. The pink present in such cases is the diffused blood flow in such areas.

Partial albinism

Dogs can process greater available light compared to human eyes. This is why canines have much better night vision. It is also why the dog’s eyes appear red when photographed with a flash attachment. What is perceived as red or pink in the eyes of a normal dog is just the excess light being reflected back via blood vessels in the eyes. In case of an albino dog, the pink of its eyes, skin, and nose will seem extremely pale and even bleached out. The eyes of the albino dog may retain minimal pigmentation, but the coloration too will be bleached out. The eyes of the albino dog will be translucent or pale. The absence of pigmentation and melanin in the skin of the dog puts such dogs at a much higher risk from not only sunburn but also the development of skin cancers.

A few dogs may suffer from partial albinism, with a little pigmentation. This is noticeable on the stomach or the nose. This is known as partial albinism. There is a huge melanin range and a number of different albinisms can be observed in dogs. A dog suffering from partial albinism will generate only a small quantity of albinism, enough to generate limited coloration. Other than a few pigmented areas, like in the coat, eyes, or skin, the remaining area will appear drained of color and pale.

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Dog Twitch While Sleeping

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Your sleeping dog suddenly begins to move its feet, but the animal’s eyes remain closed. The canine’s body begins to quiver and twitch. Some sounds are coming out from its mouth. It seems that the dog is running or chasing something in its dreams. Like humans, dogs also dream. They pass through three sleep stages- Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM), Rapid Eye Movement (REM), and Short Wave Sleep (SWS). It is during the SWS part that your dog breathes heavily during sleep. According to animal experts, dogs dream during the REM stage. They play out their dreams by twitching.

Puppies and senior dogs twitch more

Dogs who sleep curled up to keep muscles tense and are thus relaxed compared to dogs who stretch when they sleep. These dogs are less probable to twitch during their sleep. It continues to be a mystery as to why senior dogs and puppies usually twitch more when they are sleeping. They dream more when compared to adult dogs. Chances are you yourself will be woken up due to the sounds made by your dog and the jerky body movements.

There is no need to panic if your sleeping dog suddenly begins to twitch. Call its name out to wake it up. A few dogs are noted to be reactive and touchy if awakened at this stage. It is thus important you do not use your hand to wake up the dog. If you do, there is more than an even chance of getting bitten. Pay attention to the saying of allowing a sleeping dog to continue its sleep. Dogs can have nightmares too, and the animal may wake up frightened. If you observe yours do this, calmly speak to it and reassure the animal until it is fully awake.

Twitch and seizure

Dips in temperature in the climate could result in twitching in dogs when they sleep. This is one of the attempts of the canine body to keep warm. If you believe that this is the case, you should turn up the thermostat. If your home has no heating, give the canine a blanket. As a dog owner, it is important to know the difference between harmless twitching and the occurrence of a seizure. The dog will twitch once or twice if it has dreams and then goes back to a night of quiet sleep. Calling out its name will wake it up. A dog suffering a seizure, however, trembles a lot and its body could lock up. The dog may lose all consciousness. The animal may pant more than normal. Your dog may even not respond to its name when you call it. The seizure could be an event in isolation, caused by multiple reasons like infectious diseases, low blood sugar, kidney, toxins, trauma, or even liver failure.

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Do Cats Eat Rice

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Veterinarians recommend a diet of chicken and rice when a cat is sick. These two are regarded as components of an everyday diet. Rice is perfectly safe for your kitty if it is prepared correctly. A cat can easily digest rice grains, and it is one of the foods to give to your cat if the animal has an upset stomach. Felines find it hard to digest high carbohydrate and starchy foods like pasta. Rice makes an excellent option as a majority of cats find it easily digestible. Consumption of rice will not cause severe stomach pain, constipation, or vomiting. The Merck Veterinary Manual lists the grain as a beneficial digestion regulator for felines. It is known to ease upset stomachs.

Feeding your cat rice

You must always serve cooked rice to your cat. Felines cannot stomach uncooked rice. If you mix rice with chicken, make sure the rice is a smaller component of the meal. It should ideally make up 25 percent. A majority of the recipes for cats contain a maximum of 1/4th cup of the cooked rice to be given to your cat. You should serve only plain rice with no sauces or seasonings. Spices, including salt, could harm your cat. To give an example, onion and garlic are poison to cats. These two vegetables are from allum family, and they contain a certain compound which results in damage to Red Blood Cells (RBC). Excess garlic may cause gastroenteritis with a number of symptoms, including vomiting, diarrhea, oral irritation, nausea, and drooling.

The purpose of giving rice to cats is to aid digestion. You must always serve your cat unseasoned, fully cooked rice. Never give the feline uncooked rice. It is not suitable for cats. The grains are much hard to digest. Worse, the uncooked rice frequently comes with lectin, a natural pesticide which causes vomiting and diarrhea when they are consumed in bigger quantities. In case your cat eats uncooked rice, the animal will suffer from stomach aches and bloating. If the symptoms persist more than 24 hours, then you must immediately contact your veterinarian.

Filler

The debate exists on the status of rice on the diet of cats. A number of pets owners hold the belief that rice has zero nutritional value. It can be regarded as a “filler” on the context of food. Some of these arguments hold water. It is recommended that you serve only cooked rice as a kind of digestion regulator if the cat has an upset stomach. Rice cannot be a dietary staple. Contrary to the popular myth, there is no evidence that rice may swell in the stomach of the cat, and the animal may explode. Do not give excess food to your cat.

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Cats and Sense of Taste

We think of cats as finely tuned animals. Their senses are much more acute than ours. These animals can jump, smell, twist, hear and run much better than we humans ever could. It is thus surprising that humans have a better sense of taste than cats. Our tongues have 9,000 taste buds. A cat’s tongue has only 470. It means that for your cat, the taste is at best a marginal affair.

Smell contributes to taste

The animal’s sense of smell supersedes the sense of taste in cats. The second one is vital to attract other cats to a potential food. The sense of smell helps a cat (and you) to taste the food. The nose of a cat is much more sensitive than humans. It is believed that their superb sense of smell helps cats to differentiate between the many different flavors present in any food. Other than the sense of smell, cats have something extra which humans do not have: an auxiliary sense. The roof of the mouth of any cat has Jacobson’s Organ, a particular biological structure. This organ connects the nasal passage of the cat to its mouth. It is surmised that animals which possess this organ use this to taste and smell the aromas around them. The aromas could be of food or pheromones. The odors get inhaled to the cat’s tongue. The lip gets a little curled, and the feline’s tongue gets rubbed on the mouth’s roof. The mouth, Jacobson’s Organ and nose in some manner permit the cat to sense the essence of flavor of the food. The origin of the scent is also determined. We humans can never experience it.

Sweets are fats

The taste buds in cats are not much reactive. They cannot differentiate sweets but can sense other flavors a little. Felines are obligate carnivores and must eat meat to survive. There is no need for cats to consume sugar or carbohydrates. This is why kitties have no taste for sugar-as there is no evolutionary requirement for it. The taste buds of the cat cater only to meat and also the fats present in the feed. The appetite of the cat is only for meat.

Many cat owners claim that their pets love to eat ice-cream and pudding. In such cases, the cat eats these sweets as they are high in fat. The sweet taste is immaterial to a kitty. Felines can detect fat easily and will consume it whenever they get the chance. Conversely, cats hate bitter tasting food and a sour smell to a cat warns them of poisonous food. This aversion has led companies to develop bitter sprays which stop a cat to lick on wounds, bandaging, and even furniture.

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Wool Cave Beds for Your Cat

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You love to pamper your cat, and it is the nature of felines to cuddle inside warm, soft, and dark spaces. This is why your cat will love wool cave beds. It is the best cat furniture ever invented. Wool caves are more than a comfortable place for your kitty to make themselves comfortable. There are many proven scientific benefits as to why buying these makes sense. Cats love a woolen cave bed compared to any other variety of bed.

Cats love enclosed spaces

Kitties love enclosed areas. Cat owners know this. Many a time they have laid out a comfortable soft bed for the cat only to find the animal snoozing inside a hard wooden box found at the far corner of the room. Felines love to climb and explore. Nothing misses their attention, be it a box or a blanket or a basket. Cats love boxes so much that animal behaviorists have written many research papers on it. Cats are found to sit inside square designed floors. It is believed that cats love above all a secure space. Your kitty will feel much safer if it can get inside an enclosed space like a box or a specially built cat cave. It is a fact that sitting in a box reduced a cat’s stress levels. A cat cave is a much better alternative than a plain cardboard packing box.

Benefits of wool

The cat cave bed is made of wool. The wool fibers are absorbent and cat owners should have no fear of their kitty sleeping in a soggy mess. This is as the wool fiber has microscopic cuticle cells which are extremely absorbent. It takes moisture from the surface. Even though the wool is wet, it will appear dry to your kitty. Your task is to clean the cave simply. It also helps that the wool functions like a thermostat. The fiber cuticles keep the woolen materials warm during the time the outside temperature goes down. As moisture gets trapped by the wool, the cat cave makes an ideal bed for the animal. It keeps the cat warm and comfortable.

Conversely, when the temperature goes up, the wool cuticles expand, thus releasing moisture. Cool air flows through fiber. It means the wool cat cave keeps your cat cozy whatever the outside temperature. There is another undeniable benefit to getting a cat wool cave. This cave will stop your kitty from sleeping elsewhere. It means no more fur on your pillow or sleeping on your laptop keyboard. Your kitchen counters will be spared from the cat. Since you now offer your kitty the best sleeping location it can think of; the animal is less likely to sleep elsewhere.

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Teaching Your Dog to Play Fetch

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Most dogs will run happily after a thrown toy but may not bring it back. The dog may bring it back and then make the owner run around just to get it back. Do remember that your dog may have no interest in fetching. Life is not like in the movies. This does not mean that dogs do not fetch. They do if you train them to do so. Fetch makes an excellent method to get the dog much-needed exercise which will stave off many health problems like obesity. The energy outlet also dampens any destructive behaviors. It is also an excellent way to make the dogs tired so that get the sleep they need. It will also keep the dogs mentally stimulated. The bond between you and your dog will only become stronger.

Come

The first trick to teach your dog is to make it come to you. You need to give the animal clicker training and a few treats to achieve this. Encourage the dog to use its nose to touch your hand. It is essential to use marker words like “over here” or “come” and then repeat the same with clicks, praise, and treats. It is important to add a few distractions to test the dog’s skills.

After you are assured that your dog will come to you when you ask it to, it is time to teach the canine how to fetch. You should introduce the fetch toy first to the dog so that the animal gets excited about it. Place that toy near you. When the dog gets near it, click and praise the animal. Give it a treat. If the dog touches its nose to toy, click and give ample praise. Give treats too. Continue the process until the canine starts to love the toy.

Fetch

Your dog now understands that it can get treats by touching the toy. Begin to move it around so that the dog expends some effort to reach it. Do not move the toy far. Give the animal praise and treat when it touches the toy with its nose. Click at every instance. Now that the dog has progressed so far, it is time to reward the dog when it uses its mouth to grab the toy. A little patience is needed at this juncture. Once you have achieved the aim to teach your dog to grab the toy by its teeth, it is time to play a few indoor fetch games. Give the dog treats and praise only when the animal brings the toy back to you. Click at every step. You can now throw the toy further so that your dog brings it back with hope for rewards. Praise it and give it treats once it has successfully done so.

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What to Do If Your Cat Had a Fall?

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Contrary to popular perception, cats are always not adept in landing on their feet. Higher heights mean the more dangerous the fall. Although most cats usually land on their feet, there is still the chance of gravely injuring themselves. If you see your cat injured after a fall, then veterinarians advise that you complete a few procedures within two hours of the fall.

First 30 minutes

Your primary duty during the first thirty minutes of the accident is to check whether the serious injury is the cause of unconsciousness. You must immediately take the unconscious cat to the veterinarian. Even a short fall could result in broken bones or head trauma in the cat’s neck or back. In case the cat remains unconscious, check whether there is a heartbeat. To do this, place your fingers on its chest. If there is no heartbeat, then feline CPR is needed. If you have a friend or any other person accompanying you, then one should do the feline CPR while the other drives both (the cat and the person doing the CPR) to the emergency veterinarian. In case the feline exhibits any shock signs like faint heartbeats or pale gums or having trouble breathing, then you must proceed as fast as possible to the emergency veterinarian.

Internal injuries

Head trauma could be a possibility in an unconscious cat. The list of head injury signs include seizures and unusual eye movement. The cat could also display abnormal behavior. The ears of the animal could bleed. In case you have reason tob think that the cat has suffered a serious head injury, take it to the pet hospital as soon as possible. There is a possibility that your cat has suffered a broken back due to the fall. If you suspect this, then do not nudge the animal as it could be partially paralyzed or have difficulty breathing. Phone your veterinarian for instructions on how to make a wooden backboard so that you can take the kitty to the veterinarian without further damaging its neck or back. Injuries could be present even if the cat is conscious after a fall. Tell-tale signs include limping or bleeding. The cat may cry out in pain. If you observe your cat to limp, make it lie still, and examine the injury, If the cat cries in pain when you touch it, take the animal to the veterinarian immediately. The injury would be just related to the impact if the bleeding stops. You should monitor the cat until you take it to the veterinarian. It is to be noted that a few internal injuries may take time to become apparent. Observe the cat for a few hours. Look for signs like limping, confusion, or lethargy. Take it to the veterinarian as quickly as possible.

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