The Genetic Anomalies That Can Be Seen In Cats

Dogs, when compared to cats, have a range of genetic variation, resulting in different colors, sizes, and shapes. In the case of cats, as there isn’t much genetic variation, genetic anomalies stand out quite easily. Pet owners and veterinarians have seen all types of genetic anomalies in cats. Here are four genetic anomalies that are common in cats:

  1. Albinism, Spots, And Vitiligo 

    Just like human beings, even cats can suffer from vitiligo, where their lose their skin pigmentation. In the case of cats with vitiligo, their fur will have white spots. However, this genetic anomaly won’t hurt them at all.There are cases where cats come in different colors due to spots. For example, if a cat that is predominantly white has black eyelids and dark gold or green eyes, then it is not a white feline but a black cat that has an enormous white spot.

    Sometimes cats can also suffer from albinism. For example, if a white feline has extremely pale blue eyes, then it is an albino, not a white cat.

  2. Dwarfism 

    When cats have this condition, they become a feline version of Corgis. They have short legs and look cute at the same time. While dwarfism looks harmless, it can have an impact on overall health of felines. Dwarfism decreases their ability to climb, jump, and run. As a result of this, these cats are more vulnerable to health problems such as arthritis.

  3. Male Tortoiseshell cats 

    Cats that have black and orange coloring on their fur are known as male tortoiseshells. The X chromosomes in cats can carry only one color, which is black or orange. However, when male cats have black and orange fur, it means that they have genetic anomalies. In general, male cats have XY chromosomes. On the other hand, male tortoiseshells have XXY chromosomes, which are genetic anomalies. While there isn’t any health problem associated with this genetic anomaly, it makes male tortoiseshell cats sterile.

  4. Polydactyly 

    Polydactyly is a common genetic anomaly found in felines all around the world. When cats have this condition, they will have extra toes. In most cases, the front paws of cats will have extra toes. However, it isn’t necessary that they will have only an extra pair of toes. There have been recorded cases where cats have a complete set of toes. As polydactyly is a dominant trait, it can be passed on to the offspring. Sometimes, the extra set of toes are not attached to the bodies of felines. As a result of this, it is possible for their claw to get stuck and hurt them.

These are the four common genetic anomalies that are visible in cats. If you have any queries regarding this subject, leave a comment below!

 

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The Dog Breeds That Don’t Like Water

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Certain breeds of dogs such as Golden Retrievers and Labrador love getting wet. The moment they see a kiddie pool, lake, sea, or any water body, they don’t think twice about jumping in. While this may sound surprising to you, there are breeds of dogs that don’t like water at all. These canines prefer to soak in the sun rather than get wet. Certain breeds of dogs such as Golden Retrievers and Labrador love getting wet. The moment they see a kiddie pool, lake, sea, or any water body, they don’t think twice about jumping in. While this may sound surprising to you, there are breeds of dogs that don’t like water at all. These canines prefer to soak in the sun rather than get wet.

Here are seven dog breeds that dislike water:

  1. Boxers
    According to the American Boxer Club, these canines are not known to be good at swimming. Due to their deep chest and lack of tail, they don’t have the build to swim, unlike other canine breeds. On the other hand, you can teach them how to swim if you are willing to put in the effort (treats and time).
  2. Basset Hound
    Basset Hounds are not natural swimmers because of their short legs and stocky and long bodies. When they are in water, the back part of their body starts to sink while the front half floats. As a result of this, Basset Hounds are in an inefficient and uncomfortable vertical position.
  3. Dachshund
    Dachshunds find it quite hard to swim because of their short legs and long bodies. Due to this body structure, they have to put in extra effort to stay afloat and swim. If you put a Dachshund in water, it won’t be comfortable because its feet can’t touch the ground. However, with patience, you can teach Dachshunds to like water.
  4. Hairless Chinese Crested
    As these breed of canines lack hair for insulation, they are extremely sensitive to colder temperatures. It is easy for them to feel cold when they are in water. On top of that as canines have a higher body temperature, Hairless Chinese Crested will feel cold faster than normal.
  5. Maltese
    Maltese are another breed of dogs that don’t like getting into water bodies. When they become older, their tracheas weaken. As a result of this, it is much harder for them to breathe in old age. Swimming is a strenuous activity, making it hard for Maltese. Bathing them is the only way to get them near water.
  6. Greyhound
    Although Greyhounds are the fastest breed of canines in the world, they can’t use that ability when they are in water. They loose balance when they are in water, making it harder for them to swim. At the same time, their lanky, skinny, and long legs make it harder to swim and stay afloat.
  7. Pomeranian
    When it comes to activities that require high levels of agility, Pomeranians are excellent. However, it is a completely different story when you put them in water. Due to their short legs, they find it hard to swim.

These are the dog breeds that don’t like water. If you have any questions regarding this topic, feel free to leave a comment below!

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How Necessary Is Eye Protection For Dogs?

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The answer is, not extremely necessary but not unnecessary enough to put the sunglasses away for good. Although our dogs experience the same elements we do, people wear sunglasses to protect their eyes from UV rays which causes cataracts during old age. The potential harm that’s caused by UV rays isn’t a problem for dogs because a dog’s lifespan is way shorter than ours. Just because dogs don’t deal with the long-term effects of overexposure to UV rays, this doesn’t mean that their eyes are free from sun-related issues. Dogs also get Pannus, Cataracts and other eye issues.

Depends On The Breed

Some breeds like Pugs, Boston Terriers, Shih Tzus, and Shepherds are more inclined to develop eye problems than other breeds because of their more prominent eyeballs. Dogs with prominent eyeballs are much more in danger of cuts and abrasions. For these types of dogs, sunglasses can help in protecting their eyes as well as making their vision clearer.

Car-Loving Dogs

If you have one of those dogs who can’t be in a car without sticking their head out the window, sunglasses or some form of eye protection can be hugely beneficial. When they ride in cars with their head out, the chance of eye damage caused by wind and flying debris is a high risk. Doggy sunglasses protect them from nature’s risky elements. In this case, the use of sunglasses can protect your dog’s eyes from potential injuries.

Older Dogs

Some older dogs develop eye diseases and sunglasses can be a relief for them. Dogs that have cataracts will be able to see better on a sunny day with the help of sunglasses.

Hiking dogs

If you love going on outdoor adventures with your dogs, then sunglasses are recommended to blanket the bright light and pollution in the air.

Dogs That Have Recently Undergone Surgery

When a dog is recovering from surgeries like cataract removal or procedures to correct a defect in their corneas, protection is a critical factor in vision health. After a surgery, dogs tend to itch, scratch or try to poke their eyes and this can be extremely bad for their vision in the long run. Sunglasses can help in this instance by protecting your dog’s vision against themselves.

Dogs With Eye Pain

Dogs that suffer from eye pain due to scratches to the cornea will benefit from sunglasses. Signs of eye pain include redness of the eye, squinting, rubbing or pawing at the eye, general lethargy and tearing. If your dog suffers from any one of these symptoms, consult your vet immediately. The time from when you realize your dog might be suffering to the time it takes to get to the vet, sunglasses can be a great relief for your dog.

Bottom line is, doggy sunglasses are not totally necessary, but if you want to protect their eyes against certain conditions or just look stylish when taking a walk, sunglasses can be of help.

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Preventing Feline Obesity

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A healthy diet is a very important factor to ensure overall well-being. The same is true, even for pets. In order to prevent cats from gaining excess weight, we must watch the amount of food they eat. It is advisable to feed cats according to their level of activity and age.

Younger cats must be fed more calories per pound of body weight, compared to older cats who have a slower metabolism.

Exercise Your Cat

Exercising your pet has various benefits. It helps them burn calories, strengthens the respiratory and circulatory system, keeps their muscles and joints toned and flexible, relieves boredom and aids in digestion.

You could play with your cat using interactive toys that encourage activity.

Choosing The Correct Type And Amount Of Food

It is important to give cats different types and amounts of food during their various life stages. While younger pets will require more energy, protein and minerals, older cats will need less. Felines that are nursing or pregnant will need increased amounts of protein, minerals and energy.

Cats that are prone to lounging on the couch have much lower energy needs. Even though older cats may remain active, they may need fewer calories compared to when they were younger.

Eating Habits

While some cats will instinctively regulate their food intake rather well, other may eat anything in sight. Generally, it is better to give pets food in the form of meals rather than keeping a food bowl filled and available to them all the time.

By giving pets their food as meals, it becomes easier to monitor their intake. It will also prevent the food from going stale. If you have more this one pet story home, following this process of feeding will allow you to ensure that your pet is eating the appropriate amount of food.

Monitor Your Cat’s Weight

Just as it is all too easy for us to gain a few pounds without realising it until much later, the same applies to your pets. In fact, it sometimes becomes difficult to notice excess weight in pets, unless you are carefully watching for signs.

It is a good habit to weigh your pet regularly to look for any signs of excessive weight gain, before it becomes a serious problem. Be careful, as excess weight could also spell health problems for your cat.

Look Out For The Signs

It is often noticed that cats who tend to be overweight while growing up have a higher risk of being overweight as adults. As a responsible pet parent, is important that you make sure that growing animals in your care have sufficient nutrition as well as an active lifestyle. Cats who are overweight while growing up can develop other health issues as they age, such as joint disease.

Stop Feeding Them Treats Or Table Scraps

What do you do when your pet looks at you beseechingly while you’re eating that juicy piece of chicken? Be strong and don’t get carried away by emotions. It’s not a good idea to make a habit of feeding your cat scraps and leftovers from the dining table. It’s also not too healthy to keep them dependent on cat treats, as these foods have decreased nutritional value.

Treat Any Existing Diseases

While feline obesity is most often caused by overfeeding them, there could also be medical reasons for the animal’s excessive weight gain. You must be careful to keep a watch for these cases. Get your pet seen to by a veterinary doctor and check if your cat has any illnesses or medical conditions that are contributing to its excessive weight.

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How to Introduce Infants to Dogs?

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Finally, after waiting for nine months, the day has finally arrived when you have to go to the hospital for your baby’s birth. Having a baby is the most beautiful and wonderful thing in life. As canines are receptive to your feelings, your dog will already know that something is going to happen. However, that doesn’t mean that your dog will be comfortable with your infant. Luckily, if you follow these tips and introduce your infant to your dog, you won’t face any problems.

Get any of your infant’s items home

Before you get your infant home, you need to make sure your dog is familiar with your little one. You can bring any item that has the scent of your infant, such as any clothes or blankets. Allow your dog to smell these items so that it is familiar with the scent of your infant.

Keep your dog outside and bring the infant home

As your dog will be super excited to see you home, you need to make sure your dog is outside when you bring the infant home. Ask someone to take your dog out for a long walk or play with it, while you bring the infant home.

Allow your dog to greet the mother

Before you start the introduction process, allow your dog to greet the mother. As your dog hasn’t seen the mother for a day or so, it will find it hard to control its excitement. Before you move on to the next step, make sure your dog is calm.

Control your dog while introducing your infant

Start the introduction process between your infant and your dog. As your dog is still unfamiliar with your infant, make sure you put it on a leash. Don’t force your dog to meet your infant. Allow it to take its time and praise it for calmly approaching the infant.

Avoid scolding or punishing your dog

If your dog doesn’t behave properly when it is approaching or when it is with your infant, avoid scolding or punishing your canine as it shouldn’t associate your baby with negative emotions. Instead, try to calm your dog down before starting the introduction process.

Keep up with your dog’s daily schedule

Dogs don’t like it when there are changes in their daily schedule. As you have a new family member, it can be challenging to maintain your dog’s daily schedule. However, you should stick to it, as it helps in the development of a positive relationship between your dog and your infant.

Never leave your infant and dog unattended

Even if your dog is comfortable with your infant, you should never leave the two unattended as accidents can happen. If you have to go out of the house, make sure there is someone to watch over the two.

Follow these simple steps to introduce your infant to your canine. If you have any queries, feel free to leave a comment below!

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Why Does It Make Sense To Even Take A Healthy Cat To A Vet?

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Are you in the habit of taking your cat to the vet for regular visits? It is in fact a sensible technique to watch if your cat has lost its appetite lot lately or there is a change in its behavioral pattern. But, all said and done, additional and routine vet visits are highly beneficial for the pets. After all, you will all agree that prevention is always better as compared to a treatment plan.
Check out some of the reasons why you should even take your healthy cat to a vet.
To get suggestions on its behavior, care and diet
If you have any query related to your cat, it is normal for many to refer to a search engine over Internet these days. However, taking guidance from an experienced and professional vet is irreplaceable as far as your pet cat is concerned. For instance around 58 percent of the cats in the United States are overweight. But despite that a majority of such cat owners would like to believe that their cats are not overweight but have big bones or are fluffy. It is only when their vets examine the pets and give a different verdict altogether. When you ensure that your cat maintains proper weight, certain diseases can be prevented. Your vet will also advise you on how to trim the claws of your cat and ways of holding him properly. While you can know sell these by reading a book, it is always better to learn it after consulting the vet. If your pet cat requires consultations from another pet care expert such as groomers or behaviorists, you can ask your vet to provide you a few good recommendations.
Proper diagnosis send detection can be made early
One of the most crucial reasons for taking your car to a vet is to ensure an early diagnosis of what condition he is going through. Earlier a disease is diagnosed, better is the response of your cat to treatment. In fact for some illnesses, early diagnosis is vital. For instance, when diabetes mellitus is detected earlier in cats, it is curable unlike in nanny other animals.
Your vet should learn more about your pet cat
F you take your cat to visit a vet at routine intervals, he or she can collect your cat’s eating habits, urine and blood tests, vital signs and weight. In other erodes, regular visit to a vet’s clinic enables him to know more about your cat. It will help your vet to be better prepared for any kind of situation when he or she possesses all the relevant information.
Unveil hidden issues
A reputable vet is well-trained to watch out for symptoms for bad health. Often, they tend to see certain things that you as a car owner may overlook. It is a known fact that cats are very good at hiding their weaknesses. They are quite good in concealing their pain like back pain or lameness. But symptoms can be noticed in form of subtle alterations in sensitivity to touch or alterations in activity.

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Read About the Foods That Can Kill Your Cat

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Many cat parents feed their cat the same food that they themselves eat. Some cat parents also have the habit of feeding their cat scraps from their plates. Although this may seem like an act of love, you may be slowly killing your cat by poisoning them. Is human food toxic for cats? Can food that is considered healthy for you actually make your cat sick? Are there human health foods that must never be given to your cat?

Foods you should avoid feeding your cat

Because cats are much smaller than humans are, they are also more sensitive to various substances contained in foods. It also means that everyday foods that are healthy for you can be toxic and even lethal for your cat.

  • Chocolate: Yes, your favorite treat might actually make your cat very sick. Theobromine, a chemical found in chocolate, can cause cats to have seizures, muscle tremors, and cardiac problems. Chocolate also contains caffeine, which is very bad for cats.
  • Alcohol: Even a single tablespoon can cause serious health problems in your cat. It can affect your cat’s liver and even lead to brain damage and prove fatal. That is because a cat’s liver is extremely small and sensitive and reacts violently to alcohol even in small amounts.
  • Dairy products: Although not toxic, most cats are lactose-intolerant and cannot digest milk and its derivatives. Feeding your cat milk or other dairy products could lead to indigestion, bloating, and nausea.
  • Garlic and onions: Both garlic and onions contain chemicals that can cause adverse reactions in your cat. These chemicals cause red blood cells to be destroyed, leading to a kind of anemia called Heinz body anemia.
    Coffee, tea, and other caffeinated drinks: You cat can have extreme reactions to caffeine that may cause temporary or long-lasting damage to the body. Your cat may experience muscle tremors, heart palpitations, and rapid breathing after caffeine ingestion.

Some other foods that are considered toxic or unhealthy for your cat are seeds of all kinds (fresh and dried), avocados, grapes and raisins, raw meat and fish, and the sweetener xylitol.

Healthy alternatives for cat treats

Catnip in small amounts, cat grass, and a few other plants that many cats love
Commercial cat treats that contain tuna flakes, mixed seafood, or catnip and some kind of meat
Homemade treats that are simple and easy to prepare and healthy for your cat

If you are unsure about any particular foods that you wish to feed your cat, it is best to have a chat with a qualified vet and understand what is and isn’t good for your cat. That will ensure you do not accidentally make your cat sick and you always feed your cat the right foods.

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5 Delicious Homemade Treats for Your Dog!

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All dogs love a delicious treat every once in a while. So instead of running off to the store to buy a commercially prepared treat, why not try one of these easy, lip-smacking dog treat recipes to please your buddy!

  1. Dog Bone Treat
    Ingredients:
    • Whole wheat flour- 2 cups
    • Peanut Butter-1 cup
    • Baking powder-1 tablespoon
    • Skim milk-1 cup

    Combine the flour with the baking powder. Take another bowl to mix the milk and peanut butter. This needs to be added to the flour mix. Make a smooth dough by kneading the mix and roll into a sheet (one-fourth inch in thickness). Use cookie cutters to create bone shape cookies and make for 20 minutes at 375 degrees.

  2. Cottage Cheese Biscuits
    Ingredients:
    • Cottage cheese- 2/3rd cup
    • Egg yolk-1
    • Flaxseed-6 teaspoons
    • Oatmeal-2 cups
    • Milk-6 teaspoons

    Preheat your oven to 350 degrees F. Combine all the ingredients to create small balls. Put the balls on a baking sheet (parchment lined). Bake for about 30 minutes or till you see a golden brown color on the edges. Place on a rack and allow them to cool completely. The cottage cheese biscuit treat is ready!

  3. Frozen Popsicles
    Ingredients:
    • Peanut butter (no added sugar or salt)-1/4th cup
    • Ripe banana-1
    • Unsweetened almond milk-1 or 2 teaspoons
    • Plain yogurt-1/2 cup (replace with Greek yogurt if preferred)

    Mix all the ingredients to a smooth consistency using a blender. Pour this mix into small bowls or an ice cube tray/s. Allow to set in the freezer till absolutely solid. Take out from the freezer five to ten minutes prior to serving.

  4. Bacon-flavored cookies
    Ingredients:
    • Eggs-2
    • Melted bacon fat-10 tablespoons
    • Whole wheat flour-5 cups
    • Milk-1 cup
    • Water-1/2 cup
    • Salt-1 teaspoon

    Set the oven to preheat at 175 degrees C (250 degrees F). Spray the cookie sheet with some butter. Take a large bowl to beat the eggs. Slowly stir in water, milk, bacon fat and salt. Blend till the mixture forms a smooth consistency. Now stir in the flour. This will help stiffen the dough. After pinching off the dough pieces, roll into small 2-inch balls and place them on the baking sheet. Put the tray into the oven and bake for approximately 35-40 minutes. Allow the cookies to cool on a rack. Keep in an airtight container in your refrigerator.

  5. Apple Caramel Cheesecake Smoothie
    Ingredients:
    • Chard-1.5 ounces
    • Banana-1
    • Chopped red apple-1
    • Soaked almonds/cashews (optional)-1/4 cup
    • Ice-1 cup
    • Water-1 cup

    Put all the ingredients in a blender and mix until smooth!

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How To Take Care Of Your Pet In An Eco-Friendly Way?

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Using eco-friendly products and doing activities that are good for the environment has become a trend. As more and more people become conscious everyday about mother nature, newer ways to protect the environment get developed. Even pet owners can do their own share of work by taking care of their pet.

Pet owners have been wary that throwing animal feces in the open can have negative consequences. Also, they have started using biodegradable materials as part of pet care. If you also want to make a difference to the environment, then here are some ways to do it.

Sustainable products
Use sustainable products like food and grooming for your pet so that they don’t harm the environment. Purchase food and other products that are sold in recycled materials. Also, use products which can be re-cycled later on. The same goes for toys as well. Avoid toys made of plastic or other products which cannot be easily re-cycled.

Make compost

Dog and cat poop contain different microorganisms which can contaminate drinking water or other materials if it comes in contact with them. Either turn them into compost or throw them in biodegradable bags. Never leave them out in the open or throw them in the trash can. Composting feces ensures that the resulting mix can be used later as a fertilizer. Nowadays, it has become one of the best ways to take care of nature.

Adopt from shelter

The next time you want a pet, try adopting one from a shelter home. Every year, thousands of stray cats and dogs are being euthanized due to lack of space. Throwing away dead animals affects the environment. Also, buying from a shelter home will be a cheaper option and the animal will also get a nice home to stay.

Reduce paper use

Often, pet owners use disposable plates or tissue papers frequently as part of the pet care. Disposing them becomes a problem and causes environmental pollution. There are biodegradable materials available which can easily replace paper and other materials. Also, instead of using and throwing, buy things which can be re-used many number of times. It will be cheaper and better.

Conclusion

An increasing number of people have become conscious about their environment. The list includes many pet owners as well. To ensure that the environment is protected from harm, pet owners have started adopting animals from the shelter. They are now using sustainable products which can later be recycled. Also, the food and toys they are purchasing are environmentally friendly. As a pet owner, it is your duty to follow the same trend as other owners to ensure that the environment remains safe from harm.

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Can Pet-Sitting Get You A Free Vacation?

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Are you someone who loves travel and animals a lot? Well, if you are, there is some excellent news for you. Thanks to a new service called TrustedHouseSitters, you might just be able to enjoy both, travelling and spending time with the cutest animals.

How?

Well, it’s simpler than you’d expect. What TusteedHouseSitters does is that it pairs pet owners with travellers who are willing to take care of pets in exchange for a free stay. Yup. You heard that right. You can stay for free as long as you’re willing to take care of the pets. Pet-sitting opportunities are plenty and the best part is that they are spread all over the globe. The Swiss Alps, Barbados, New York… you name it!

Currently, the service is available in over a 100 countries, with 60,000 members. As a traveler, you can pick the pet-sitting job you like. This job is made quite easy because the homeowners’ respective profiles provide all the information you need. This includes whether they have a dog, cat, or an exotic pet. In fact, there are profiles in certain locations such as rural France and the UK that even list chickens and horses.

There are plenty of benefits to such a service. As a traveler, you get to find accommodation for free and even get paid for your services, which can be used to fund your travel plans. Pet owners, on the other hand, can relax in the knowledge that their pets are in the safe hands of trusted individual and more importantly, someone who actually cares about animals. In fact, the service has become so popular that some professional pet-sitters have taken this up as a full-time job. They basically move from location to location simply taking care of pets and enjoying their new destination.

In fact, if you are fortunate enough, you could end up taking care of pets for the rich and influential while staying in their million dollar mansions. There are quite a few such properties listed on the service. For instance, there are castles and country houses in the UK, villas in Barbados and Spain, chateaus in France, and farmhouses in Tuscany.

Signing Up

The sign-up process is simple. However, there is a small subscription fee to be paid by both, the travelers and the pet owners. There are no additional charges after that. The pet-sitters/travelers will need to go through a criminal background check and ID verification process. This is, naturally, for the satisfaction of the pet owners. After all, they want to make sure that their little one is in good hands. At the end of the day, it’s a unique situation that benefits everybody.

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