Tongue Lesions in Dogs

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Tongue lesions in dogs get unreported unless there are acute injuries, and those injuries lead to bleeding. The dog cannot eat in a normal manner if it suffers from lesions. Many dog owners are unaware that toys are an overwhelming cause of lesions. Dogs suffer due to foreign body penetration like porcupine quills and plants and even trauma. Electronic mixing machines also cause tongue lesions in canines. Chewing live electric wires may traumatize the dog and results in tongue lesions. Such injuries can be limited only to the tongue or extend to multiple organs. It is essential to stabilize the dog before you begin treating the lesion.

Careful observation

The list of lesions include lacerations, tumors, tongue burns, and macerations. Most tongue lesions in dogs are not life-threatening. A good vascular supply inside the tongue means most injuries heal quickly and without a trace. If you wish to treat your dog to tongue lesions, then plan the treatment procedures before starting one. Dog tongue lesions must be diagnosed first. To do this, the veterinarian would do histology and tissue biopsy. In many cases, careful observation of the canine could identify why the lesions occurred in the first place. It is possible to see foreign bodies and the dental malocclusion upon careful observation.

Most tongue lesions in dogs heal completely without any kind of treatment. Surgical intervention, however, gets frequently prescribed to quicken the healing process. It is also required to remove any foreign masses. When it comes to canines, the latter is found more on the sides of the tongue or the top of the organ. If you want to eliminate the possibility of tongue lesions in your dog, then an annual physical examination of the dog’s mouth is a must.

Annual veterinary examination

The annual oral examination of the dog is done to find problems (if any) with all oral diseases, teeth, and periodontal disease. The oral examination begins with careful observation of the dog’s face. It is a recognized fact there could be normal variations between breeds while going through for abnormalities. There could be malocclusion, or the bite could be wrong. Look for a swollen face or any discharge from the draining tracks. The dog may be observed to chew on only one side. This is generally done to avoid pain. The result would be increased deposits of calculus on that side.  Sensitive or fractured teeth may lead to facial swelling, dental infection. There could be soft tissue problems linked with soft palate (the roof of the mouth) buccal mucosa ( inside cheeks) or the gingiva or gums. Further detection must be done if any unusual odor is detected. This oral examination is best performed after sedating the canine.


Health Issues in Somali Cats

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The Somali cat is a blend of the athletic and confident Abyssinian cat with the glamour which can only be found in the longhaired cat. The Somali kitty has an attractive wild look. It can be identified by big ears, masked face, and full ruff. There will be britches on its legs, and the tail will be a busy one. The coat can be either a rosy color or in blue, red or fawn.

PK deficiency

Somali cats, like all other cat breeds, may develop a certain hereditary health issue known as pyruvate kinase deficiency. This could be a matter of concern, especially if you buy your cat from an unknown breeder. Pyruvate kinase is an important regulatory enzyme in sugar metabolism. Any cat lacking in PK generally suffer from intermittent anemia. This deficiency can show up in young Somali cats from as early as six months of age. It may also affect cats up to 12 years old. A recessive gene is the cause of this hereditary problem. You can do a DNA test on your Somali cat to find out whether it is a normal feline or a carrier of PK. The cat may also suffer from PK. Testing for PK is essential as breeding away the problem will be better for Somali cats.

Genetic testing

It is to be noted that not all PK-deficient cats develop tell-tale clinical signs. These include lethargy, lack of appetite. Pale gums, and depression. There could be many other problems too like renal amyloidosis, progressive retinal atrophy (an eye disease), and myasthenia gravis, a certain neuromuscular condition. The retinal problem may end in blindness. Always ask the breeder whether both the parents of the kitty have undergone genetic testing, and the person must give a written guarantee of the same. Never buy from a breeder who will not give you the guarantee. After you bring the Somali cat to your home, it is your responsibility to protect the animal from obesity. Keeping a cat of the Somali breed in its correct weight is the easiest path to keep the animal healthy. Prevent the cat from eating too much food.

A Somali cat is a curious kitty. It is athletic and extremely active. This kitty also loves to play. The cat will always move around and will spend the day time climbing heights. It will explore every part of the home. It will perch high up and supervise your activities. As an owner, it is your responsibility to supply your Somali kitty with puzzle toys which force it to think. You can use a clicker to train it. It is a good idea to train your cat to do an agility course.


Hairless Dog Breeds

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Most dogs come with fluffy coats. There are a few breeds of dogs, however, which come naked. Like their coated counterparts, these hairless dogs come in all sizes and shapes. One typical example of a hairless canine is the American Hairless Terrier. Among canines, it is a rare breed and was derived from the Rat Terrier. The American ancestry of this breed starts with Feists, a mixed breed terrier. Fiestas were imported to the United States from Europe during the early 18th century. The latter part of the 1800s witnessed the development of the Rat Terrier from the Fiest. The addition made the breed of Miniature Pinscher, Beagle, and Italian Greyhound bloodlines. The hairless breed came into existence only in 1972. The foundation stock came into age in 1981.

American Terrier

The American Terrier comes across as a social, energetic, and intelligent working breed of dogs. Its lack of hair makes the dog ideal for those who suffer from dog hair related allergies. It is to be noted that no dog is entirely hypoallergenic, and someone allergic to dogs must be tested to make sure that buying an American Terrier is safe. This breed does not suffer much from dental issues or any other traits linked with dominant hairless genes.

Peruvian Inca Orchid

The Peruvian Inca Orchid is regarded as one of the most stunning “flower” belonging to dog-kind. Its looks may not appeal to everyone but its extremely unique in appearance. This breed of dog existed during the Inca times in South America. The Spanish conquest killed almost every dog in the breed. The ones remaining are those whose ancestors lived in the rural areas of the Inca Empire. Peruvian locals think of the Peruvian Inca Orchid as a mystical creature. This almost hairless dog has some amount of hair on its head top and also at the feet bottom. These dogs, although hairless, are extremely cute animals.

Argentine Pila Dog

Yet another hairless dog from the South American continent is the Argentine Pila Dog. Trekkers in Argentina’s north-western provinces frequently encounter this breed of dog. The Pila’s origins date back 3,000 years. It is believed to be a descendant of Peruvian Inca Orchid. The Pila breed was a prestige dog not only during Inca times but also during the Spanish colonial era. Locals coveted those dogs for their warm skin and the animals served as excellent bed warmers, equal to heating pads of now. The Pila also makes an excellent watchdog as these dogs are extremely alert to their surroundings. Pilas almost disappeared during the latter part of the 20th century when people preferred foreign hair-coated dogs instead of hairless native breeds. It is only now that Pilas are making a comeback.


Caring for a Sphynx cat

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A Sphynx cat is a hairless feline known for its intelligence and affectionate qualities. It is also playful, making it a much-coveted cat.  Sphynx cats and kittens possess a fine coat of hair on their bodies and even a few hairs on their paws, outer ears, nose, or tail. The tactility of the skin is similar to that of chamois. Many owners term it as like rubber. A few people are found to be allergic to sphynx cats. It is crucial that you must ensure that you or any member of your household is not allergic to such breed of cats. A  sphynx cat gets well with other pets, and two sphynxes are better than one. Do note that  Sphynx cats and kittens need lots of attention and pet shops insist that you buy a pair of sphynxes rather than one.

Colors and warmth

The  Sphynx cat comes in a large variety of patterns and colors as found in the kitty world. There could be bi-color, pointed, tabby, and mink sepia. The color of the cat is not restricted to its fur, but also pushes down to the skin pigmentation as demonstrated by this breed of cat. The  Sphynx cats enjoy a standard lifespan and are generally free from common health problems. Most sphynx cats have lived to their full span into the twenties. The adult sphynx female cat could weigh anywhere from six to eight pounds and males may weigh any number between eight and 10 pounds.

Like other cats, it is essential to keep the sphynx cat warm. The level of warm depends on your comfort level. The thumb rule is that if you are comfortable naked in the house, then your cat is comfortable as well. Similar to wrapping a blanket around you when you are cold, the  Sphynx cat would find a place to keep itself warm like under covers or in a sunbeam. Many cats go for an enclosed pet bed. Most sphynx owners keep heating pads, or blankets turned on a low setting so that their kitty would be comfortably warm.

Giving the sphynx a bath

It is essential to bath your  Sphynx cat. The frequency depends on the specific kitty. A few sphynx cats generate higher quantities of oil and must be bathed more than those cats which produce oil in less amounts. You can bath your  Sphynx cat once in two months or fewer in a year if the cat produces minimal oil. Experts recommend that you give your sphynx a bath once a month. Use zymox shampoo as the starting point. The schedule can be altered to satisfy the requirements of your specific sphynx. Baby wipes can be used between bath times.


What to do After You Find a Kitten?

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Spring and the following summer are high kitten seasons. It is unsurprising to find many unattended kittens or even a single kitten apparently abandoned by the mother. Do not hastily arrive at a conclusion.

Wait and watch

Do not take an unattended kitty. Wait and watch first. The mother could be out there, hunting for food. It is brutal to take the kitten to a different location. Find out if the mother will come back for the kitty or if the cat is truly an orphan. To find out, stand a little away from the kittens. The gap should be a minimum of 35 feet. If you stand near the kitty, its mother will not approach. To be surer, go away from the kitten and come back a few hours later. If a mother is around, it will approach the kitty only when she no longer senses your presence.

If you think the kitty is in danger if no one is around, likely from predators or cars or even other humans,  it is advisable to go further away and watch. A mother cat could go away for hours at a time, and the kitten’s best chances of survival are with its mother. Remember, kittens are more at risk from hypothermia than hunger. Cats can survive without food for a long period of time. The best food for a kitten is its mother’s milk.

Mother cat

If you see the mother cat return, then do not disturb the kittens. If you want the kitty, you must wait until it is weaned. Bring food to mom cat and kitty and also shelter them. Mon cat may not accept the food if there is another food source nearby. This is as she does not want other cats to find out about her source of food. The optimal age to take a kitten from its mother is six weeks. You can take the cat after it reaches six months’ of age for adoption and socialization placement. You can trap, neuter, and then return after eight weeks. Do not forget to spay the female cat as there is a possibility of more kittens coming out.

In some cases, the mother cat does not return. You should take the kitten in such a scenario. This is important to the survival of the kittens. Since the kitten is yet to be weaned, bottle feeding is the need of the hour. It may not be possible to get bottle feeders quickly, and it is imperative that you find someone expert to make the kitten live. Be prepared to pay for emergency medical care, spaying, and testing for diseases. Vaccinations are a must.


Taking Care of Your Gun Dog

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For an avid hunter, a dog is both a hunting companion and a trusted family member. Hunting dogs require additional training and care. It is crucial that you take a healthy dog to a hunt. It is your responsibility to keep the dog safe before, during, and after the hunting trip. A healthy and well-kept dog leads to a successful hunt and plenty of game.

Regular veterinary appointments

It is vital that you schedule periodic appointments with your veterinarian. Most canines must have one checkup every year. Hunting dogs must visit the veterinarian at least twice a year. These dogs encounter multiple hostile elements like injury prone terrain and insects. It is vital to keep a lookout so that accidents and untoward events do not happen. It is vital that the dog is vaccinated and if possible, secure the animal against Lyme disease too. Do give the canine its monthly medication to keep tick and fleas at bay. Same goes for heartworm medication. Consult your veterinarian on this issue. Periodic checkups are a must if you own a senior dog. Many health problems like kidney ailments, diabetes, and thyroid problems develop swiftly over time. Older dogs may suffer from painful arthritis. These pains in their joints will need extra medications.

Diet and exercise

A proper diet is a must for any hunting dog. The canine requires a nutritious diet which will fill him with energy. It means you should give it food rich in calories which the dog can burn to be active when hunting and also stay warm. Feed your gun dog nutrient dense food to maximize dairy intake. The food should have a high-fat content. Experts recommend that hunting dogs be given foods with 20 percent fat content. Ideal fat content must balance the Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids. Hunting dogs must be given a rich animal protein diet and not a diet full of grains and starches. Ensure that your dog drinks adequate amounts of water. Hunting is a tedious activity and the dog will be thirsty. Carry water with you.

As an owner, it is important that you regularly exercise the dog. It is specifically vital for hunting dogs. This exercise is above and beyond the standard exercise regimen which other dogs follow. Your dog must be sufficiently fit to hunt in the wild. In case your hunting dog becomes fat, it is important to put the canine into an accelerated training program so that the canine gets into shape. An obese dog cannot hunt properly. The dog loses its ability to control breathe while it sniffs for the needed animal scent. An obese dog will be out of breath and will have a much tougher time keeping on to the tracks of the hunted animal.


Rehoming Your Cat

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Many families want to rehome their cats due to several reasons. The list of reasons vary from one member of the family being allergic to cats, or one member is pregnant and thus unable to scoop the cat’s litter box. Many give up when they relocate to a new address, or the cat does not like a new addition to the household like a boyfriend or husband. These families then call the nearest animal shelter so that the cat can be taken away and rehomed. The cat is found a new home where it spends an enjoyable life.

Cat overpopulation is a problem

If you want to rehome your cat and hope to find it a good and loving home then keep in mind that too many cats are roaming free nowadays. Cat overpopulation is a reality. No wonder, two cats out of three get euthanized. Kittens are put to sleep too if good homes are not located for them. If these facts make you sad and helpless, then hope is at hand. Many organizations help to rehome kitties. Most organizations which pick up unwanted cats and stray ones want them to be adopted by families. These rehome specialist organizations do not see their activities as “rescue.” What they do is to take cats and neuter the animals so that the adoption process of that specific cat becomes much easier. Stray cats are trapped, neutered, and then released in the wild.

Sending the kitty to a loving home

A rehoming organization will give you excellent advice on how to make sure that your cat gets the loving home it deserves. Sterilizing the kitty helps to achieve this end. If your cat is not sterilized, you can take it to the veterinarian yourself or the rehoming organization can do that for you. The procedure is, and many clinics do the process cheaply and efficiently. Do not give your cat to the first person who requests it. A few unscrupulous individuals make a profit from selling cats and other animals for scientific purposes. Kitties are also sold as food for other predators. Such cruel individuals trawl some popular Internet lists. Do the due homework about the potential taker or buyer before you transfer your kitty to them. The best way to find a loving home for your cat is through social media. It means that if you want peace of mind on the subject of rehoming your cat, then you have to do the deed yourself.

In case you have no option but to surrender your kitty, then contact your nearest humane society. Schedule an appointment, take your cat, and drop it there. The humane society generally has a list of telephone numbers of families who would love to adopt your cat.


Prevent Tear Stains

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Dogs with white coats at some point in their lives develop ugly red-brownish stains below their eyes. These tear stains are not only unsightly, but they also distract from the handsome nature of the animal. Tear stains are also found in-between toes and around the muzzles. There could be multiple causes for this phenomenon, including health issues, eye shape, puppy teething, allergies, blocked tear-ducts, and ear infection. If you see your dog suffering from tear stains, consult your veterinarian and possibly a veterinary ophthalmologist. The correct cause can only be ascertained with an expert eye.

Premium foods

It is important to prevent tear stains rather than curing them. Good quality food is essential to prevent tear stains. Most experts agree that you should give your dog premium quality, grain free meals. Inferior cheap dog meals have corn and wheat as fillers. These may cause allergic reactions, leading to excess tearing along with other problems. The quality of water intake is also essential. Dogs should drink reverse-osmosis or purified or distilled water. Bottled water suitable for human consumption is not ideal for canines.

Proper grooming

Do not forget to face groom your dog every day. It can be a quick affair, but essential. Use the correct dog eye-wash to flush the eyes. These could eye drops or eye-wash solutions. To do this, moisten any clean cotton ball with a contact lens solution or appropriate eyewash and rub around or below the area of the eye. You can make the cleaning solution at home, or you can buy a readymade one from the veterinarian. If you want to concoct the solution yourself, take one tablespoon of boric acid powder an boil it in a cup filled with distilled water. Refrigerate the solution and make a fresh batch every week. Wash your dog’s muzzle hair with waterless shampoo or dry shampoo. Use a wet washcloth. A good alternative is to use a three percent hydrogen peroxide solution on paper towel. Comb the hair and blow dry it after the procedure. Do trim the hair around the eyes so that the eye is not irritated resulting in tear stains.

You can keep the “moist” areas of the dog dry. Give water in glass water bottles instead of bowls or use a sufficient number of paper towels to absorb excess water which wets the area around the canine’s mouth after it drinks from a water bowl. You can also dust cornstarch below the eye and around the muzzle. It can also be applied in-between the toes. Food additives can surprisingly be of help in such matters. You can add buttermilk powder or organic apple cider vinegar to meals to stop the occurrence of tear stains.


Handling and Training a Doberman

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Safety should be paramount when you train a Doberman. These dogs are big and powerful. They are bred to protect. Dobermans are intelligent and fearless. If given proper training at an early age, these dogs can be social and confidently and at ease, among others. The dogs make ideal family members.

Martingale collar

Dobermans are known to escape from their collars. Use a good martingale collar to prevent such an incident from happening. This particular collar is made of two conjoined nylon loops. It is known to be unslippable and also called a “greyhound collar.” The restricted slip action tightens the circumference to the exact size of your dog’s collar but does not choke or restrict it in any way. No damage is caused. If you prevent the Doberman from escaping, you not only keep the animal safe but also protect yourself from any future liability. It will also not fall into any trouble.

The Doberman should be on a leash at all times when outside the house. If you are not present in the house, the dog should be on a leash even inside the home. In short, a lonely Doberman must be secured in even safe, enclosed areas. The dog must not be allowed to put itself in any position where it can find and cause trouble. It is important that the dog be recalled without much difficulty. The lead must be a well-crafted and sturdy one. Leather is strong and easy on the hands. It is sold in most pet shops.

Wearing a muzzle

You must condition your Doberman to wear a basket muzzle. This is a must even if your dog is not of an aggressive nature. Assist the dog to become comfortable wearing a muzzle. The first time may induce panic and unease in the animal. Wrap muzzle in plastic wrap, so the food does not drop off and feed the Doberman twice a week after wearing the muzzle. Extend the muzzle wearing time from a few minutes to a couple of hours after a few days. Do this in increments. Feed the dog food through the wires so that your Doberman makes a positive association with the muzzle.  To sum it up, you need four things to train your Doberman: martingale collar, leash, treats, and basket muzzle.

It is a good idea to include your Doberman in a dog group class. Start with an obedience class and then progress to tricks, agility, weight pull, rally, or preparing for a competition. Dobermans like the company of humans and they work hard to gain favor from us. Enrolling your Doberman in a group class also makes you more confident of your dog handling skills. You and your dog both will swiftly learn how to keep both mentally and physically active.


Characteristics of Ragdoll Cats

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Cats of the Ragdoll breed are big and gentle canines. The name comes from the event of the cats going entirely limp when you pick them up. These cats are friendly and serene. They are especially affectionate when it comes to their owners. Unlike other cat breeds, Ragdolls are one of the relatively new breeds. Stray cats come into their genetic line.

Indoor pets

The first Ragdoll cat was created in California during the swinging 1960s.  A Riverside, California woman, Ann Baker, bred a white female cat she found as a stray with mostly other strays to get the gentle and calm temperament of present-day Ragdoll cats. These cats have an easy-going and relaxed personality. They make excellent family pets due to their soft and sweet nature. It is okay to keep children around Ragdolls, but care must be taken to cover their claws as these cats may scratch.

Most Ragdoll owners keep these cats as indoor pets. Most cats of this breed are incredibly docile, and it is not a good idea to allow this cat to go outside the house. Ragdolls are incapable of hunting and cannot defend themselves if attacked by predators. A mature four-year-old Ragdoll may weigh any weight between 10 to 15 pounds in case of females and any weight from 15 to 20 pounds when it comes to males. The cats come with semi-long hair and have plush, silky coats. The cats have a broad range of fur colors, including chocolate, blue, seal, cream, and lilac. Such colors also come with many different patterns.

Patterns and health issues

The Van pattern is of a darker coloring compared to the body. It is restricted to the top of the ears and the head and also on the tail. There is also an occasional color spot on the solid cat body. The Mitted design sees the front legs of the cat having white feet, which provides the show of wearing mittens. This white on back legs also extends up from feet to around hocks. The foreheads have a white marking, and white is also observed on the noses, chin, and on the foreheads. Ragdoll cats are susceptible to a few health issues. Feline Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and Feline Mucopolysaccharidosis are relatively the most common. In Cardiomyopathy, the heart muscles thicken, and it interferes with the ability of the organ to contract properly. When it comes to Mucopolysaccharidosis, the condition may result in mobility and vision problems. Contrary to the popular myth, Ragdolls are not hypoallergenic. However, it is one of the few cat breeds which brings fewer problems for all allergy sufferers. This is as Ragdoll cats do not possess an undercoat and shed much less compared to other breeds.